MALARIA CONTROL STRATEGIES

MALARIA CONTROL STRATEGIES

  1. Early case Detection and Prompt Treatment (EDPT)
    • EDPT is the main strategy of malaria control - radical treatment is necessary for all the cases of malaria to prevent transmission of malaria.
    • Chloroquine is the main anti-malaria drug for uncomplicated malaria.
    • Drug Distribution Centres (DDCs) and Fever Treatment Depots (FTDs) have been established in the rural areas for providing easy access to anti-malarial drugs to the community.
    • Alternative drugs for chloroquine resistant malaria are recommended as per the drug policy of malaria.
  2. Vector Control
    1. Chemical Control
      • Use of Indoor Residual Spray (IRS) with insecticides recommended under the programnme
      • Use of chemical larvicides like Abate in potable water
      • Aerosol space spray during day time
      • Malathion fogging during outbreaks
    2. Biological Control
      • Use of larvivorous fish in ornamental tanks, fountains etc.
      • Use of biocides.
    3. Personal Prophylatic Measures that individuals/communities can take up
      • Use of mosquito repellent creams, liquids, coils, mats etc.
      • Screening of the houses with wire mesh
      • Use of bednets treated with insecticide
      • Wearing clothes that cover maximum surface area of the body
  3. Community Participation
    • Sensitizing and involving the community for detection of Anopheles breeding places and their elimination
    • NGO schemes involving them in programme strategies
    • Collaboration with CII/ASSOCHAM/FICCI
  4. Environmental Management & Source Reduction Methods
    • Source reduction i.e. filling of the breeding places
    • Proper covering of stored water
    • Channelization of breeding source
  5. Monitoring and Evaluation of the programme
    • Monthly Computerized Management Information System(CMIS)
    • Field visits by state by State National Programme Officers
    • Field visits by Malaria Research Centres and other ICMR Institutes
    • Feedback to states on field observations for correction actions.